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Thu, May 23, 2019

Longevity
The Health Benefits of Fruits and Vegetables


 

Osler et al. recently reported an association between diet and longevity in a random group of nearly 6,000 men and women living in Denmark and followed for 15 years (80). They found that the diet patterns associated with the lowest all-cause and cardiovascular mortality were diets with frequent intakes of whole grain bread, fruits, vegetables, and fish.


A 26-year prospective study of men in Sweden provided evidence that fruit intake may be associated with greater longevity (81). Cardiovascular death as well as total mortality was higher among men with a low fruit intake compared to men with a high fruit intake. There was no relation between vegetable consumption and mortality or other major diseases. However, separate analysis for different cancers showed fewer ventricular cancers among men who reported higher vegetable intake. Survival analyses were conducted for data at 16 years and 26 years of follow-up. At 16 years (average age of subjects = 70 years) low fruit consumption was independently associated with a higher mortality rate as well as smoking, hypertension, and high serum cholesterol. However, at 26 years (average age of subjects = 80 years), the protective association with fruit was no longer statistically significant.

 

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